High Efficiency Motor Oils for High Efficiency Hybrid Cars

The trend for motor oils has been steadily moving to lower viscosity oils for many years now. The use of 20W / 50 and 10W40 oils used to be the standard but these days both 5W / 30 and 5W / 20 have become common. Now we are seeing the use of 0W / 20 oils becoming prevalent, especially in highly fuel-efficient hybrid cars and trucks.

But what exactly do these numbers mean? When reading the information on a bottle of motor oil the top number indicates the oils viscosity. This is a measurement of how the oil flows at a given temperature measured in units called centiStokes (cSt). The bottom number with the "W" is its winter or cold weather rating and tells you how the oil flows at cold temperatures. The smaller the number in front of the "W the better the oil will flow when it is cold and the lower its point point generally is.

With the advent of EPA CAFE (corporate average fuel economy) requirements car makers started looking for any way possible to increase vehicle fuel economy. Since lower viscosity oils have inherently less drag and resistance to flow then heavier oils the trend had been lighter to more efficient oils. Lighter oils can significantly improve fuel economy, often by 2 to 3 miles per gallon compared to the old 40wt. and 50wt. oils once common and that's why we have seen the move to 20wt. Oils. Unfortunately, along with these early 20wt. Oils, came reduced wear protection.

One of the biggest problems related to the lighter viscosity oils being far more volatile. Many if not most early 5W / 20 and 0W / 20 petroleum motor oils were so volatile (meaning the lighter portions of the oil would boil off when the oil got hot leaving the heavier portions and causing the motor oil to thicken) that within one to two thousands of miles the oil had thickened into the 30wt. viscosity range. This reduced or eliminated any advantage in efficiency that had been gained by going to the lighter oil to begin with. Film strength of these lighter viscosity oil was also not as good and that wear protection was often very poor compared to higher viscosity motor oils.

With the advent of hybrid cars a few years ago 20wt. oil really started to come into its own. Today we are seeing more more use of synthetic and synthetic blend 20wt motor oils that offer all the protection once found in heavy viscosity motor oils Full synthetic motor oil has many times the film strength of a petroleum oil at any given viscosity. Also, synthetic oils with their uniform molecular structure are far less volatile and not near as likely to "cook" and change viscosity in the high temperatures of the modern pollution controlled engine. Full synthetic motor oils also flow far more readily and produce much less friction and drag inside of the engine and drive train than petroleum oils do and so lend themselves well to use in modern highly fuel efficient hybrid cars.

In 2008 Amsoil Inc. introduced ASM 0W / 20; an industry leading, high tech full synthetic motor oil made from advanced polyalphaolifin and synthetic ester base stocks combined with state of the art anti-wear additive chemistry. This cutting edge motor oil offers incredible wear protection and maximizes the inherent fuel efficiency of the modern hybrid car.

Since environmental consciousness and fuel saving is at the heart of hybrid car ownership for many individuals that purchase them, Amsoil ASM is also designed for one year or up to 25,000 mile drainage intervals. This vastly reduces the amount of motor oil that the car consumes and the amount of used oil that must be re-cycled. Having to purchase less oil changes through the course of the year also adds an element of convenience and savings to the ownership of these modern fuel-efficient marvels. Amsoil Inc. introduced the first full synthetic motor oil to meet American Petroleum Institute service requirements in 1972. Today Amsoil is considered the world leader in synthetic lubrication.

Source by Larry Crider

Make Sure Your Vehicle Is Ready for the DMV Road Test

Before your road test can begin at the DMV, the license examiner will perform a safety check on your vehicle. If your car is not mechanically sound, it's possible that you could fail your road test before you even turn the key. To ensure your vehicle is ready for the road test , here are some things to check:

  • Non-functional / defective doors and windows – Your door must shut up completely and your windows must roll up and down easily. In some areas, the driving license examiner is required to keep the window open just a bit for safety purposes.
  • Damaged / too-heavily-tinted windshield, windows – Damages such as cracks or window-tint that's too dark may obstruct vision during driving.
  • Non-functional / defective lights – All lights, including the tag light, and turn signals must work properly. Make sure you test them all before going to the DMV. Changing out a bulb is cheap and reliably easy.
  • Non-functional / defective / missing seat belts – Being properly buckled in seat belts is a requirement in ALL states.
  • Non-functional / defective windshield wipers / washer fluid nozzle – You have to be prepared for all kinds of weather. The examiner will ask you to activate your windshield wipers.
  • Non-functional / defective brakes – It's obvious that brakes have to work every time; especially in an emergency and emergency braking will be a part of your road test. Your examiner may also ask you to activate the emergency brake. Your emergency brake should be able to hold the car on a slow upgrade or hill.
  • Broken rearview mirror, side mirrors – To be aware of a driver's surroundings, these mirrors have to be able to show what driving conditions are like behind the vehicle.
  • Flat / over-inflated / defective / worn-out tires – The examiner will check your tires for proper inflation and tread wear. If there is any doubt, he or she will use a penny to check the depth of the tread. If you can see the top of Abe Lincoln's head, the tires are too worn.
  • Non-functional / defective horn, speedometer, fuel indicator – These are all required for safe operation of a vehicle. An inoperable speedometer will mean an automatic failure. Horns are necessary to warn another driver in case of an emergency. The examiner will ask you to tap your horn.
  • Obviously leaks / fumes coming out of the vehicle – A driver should be alerted if the vehicle leaves a trail of oil or produces harmful fumes that could enter the passenger compartment.

These are just some of the items that will be checked. Make sure your car is clean inside and out and that there are no objects in the window that could obscure a driver's vision. Make sure everything is in working order and you should sail right through the test.

Source by Dave Herron

Car Rental History

The meaning of a "Car" (automobile) by definition – is a wheeled vehicle that carries its own motor and transports passengers. Cars as we know them was not fabricated in a by a single originator – the progression history of cars took effect all over the world in the 19th century and the start of the 20th century – and it is estimated that around hundred thousand of patents had been registered.

Car rental companies came a short while after cars became popular. Rent-a-car agency is a corporation that allows someone to use their car in return for regular fees. Today most car rentals company's got local branches primarily located close by airports or at big cities.

The largest motor company in the world today is Ford and is a primary piece of the car rental history. Henry Ford started a small workroom in his backyard. Fords vision was to make cars financially manageable and directed at every person.

Landmark Ford models contain the Model T (over ten million were built until 1925), and also Ford V8 (which used by Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow – known as Bonny and Clyde the famous bank robbers).

The rental car manufacturing had its proximity near soon to Ford's presentation of the "frugal" type of "Model T" – which was in 1908.

Car Rental history started at 1916 by Nebraskan goes by the name of Joe Saunders which was reputedly the first human being to run a car rental business.

Joe let out the Ford Model T and rented it to representative businesses that showed around and needed a car because he wanted to take a native girl out.)

Car rental companies mainly function as an alternative for someone who his car is briefly impossible to reach or broken.

The first big rental company started at September 1918 by Walter Jacobs – a 22 year old at the time from Chicago – opened a rent-a-car business. He began with twelve Model T cars, but within 5 years the firm was producing revenue of $ 1 million annual imports. John Hertz – owner of a few local cab companies purchased Jacob's place, and that way it got the name "Hertz".

The car rental industry is in a radical manner competitive in the last 50 years, and there's a lot of small renting companies all around the world, European companies like Europcar and even there are big local companies in the Middle East like car rental in Israel such as Eldan. There are 2 primary types of car rental corporations: corporations that own fleet of cars (a group of cars operated under integrated supervision), and corporations which control on a middleman ideal – and have cooperation with car hire companies to provide approach to their cars.

Source by Motchka Curtis

Commercial Vehicle Paint

In these times of austerity following the recent recession and economic crunch, (the effects of which are still gripping the economies of the world today) businesses are being required to 'tighten their belts' in order to save costs. In some cases this has meant making large numbers of workers redundant and in others it has meant a severe cut in spending and a drive to become more efficient (ie make the maximum possible use out of the resources that are already at their disposal). One important result of such cost cutting activities is that businesses are spending significantly less money on advertising than they were doing in previous years before the recession.

Although cutting down on advertising expenditure may result in a decline in short term spending, such an action will naturally do little if anything to increase the revenue of a business in the long term as there may not be any other opportunity left for the firms to attract attention to themselves or the products or services that they supply. However, there are other ways in which a firm is able to draw attention to itself and its products or services. Smaller businesses such as restaurants or hairdressers, for example, could introduce a series of vouchers and special offers as an effective means of advertising and drawing attention to themselves and attracting customers. However, for other firms such as haulage and removal businesses involved in transporting goods with Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGV), offering 'buy one get free' vouchers or other such offers are not suitable methods of attracting attention and custom.

For such companies, Commercial Vehicle Paint is an ideal method to draw attention to a firm that uses commercial vehicles and the services that are provided by the business. A good example of such an advertising technique being effective is the example of Eddie Stobart because everyone is able to recognize the lorries operating on behalf of the business due to their unique painted design: a combination of dark green, red and white.

If a company that uses commercial vehicles was to invest in painting their trucks in bright colors or painted in a unique design, it would unduly draw attention to them and (considering that such haulage firms operate multiple trucks traveling across the country every day) more people are likely to see and recognize the designs of these trucks and realize what they advertise and who operates them, than the number of people who are likely to hear, see and let alone take notice of advertisements for such firms in the newspapers or on the radio Egypt television.

Source by Natalie Eastaugh

Car Reliability Rankings 2010 – The Best Small Cars

One of the most important criteria, if not the most important criterion, of automobile quality is reliability, that is, infrequency of serious problems, as few people want the annoyance, inconvenience, and expense of dealing with such problems. This article provides listings employing this criterion that will help guide consumers to the best small cars on the US new and used car market.

The lists in this article include auto models that are 180 inches (457.2 centimeters) or shorter in length. They include sedans, coupes, convertibles, hatchbacks, and wagons, but do not include sport cars. They also exclude those models with only a one-year data history, as a one-year data history may provide a poor guide of what a consumer may expect for more than one year.

The first list gives those small car models with a 2010 Auto Reliability Grade Point Average between 3.25 and a perfect 4.00 for the age range 0-to-4 years. These small cars are:

The Toyota Prius , a 4-door hybrid hatchback with a 2010 0-to-4-Year Auto Reliability GPA of a perfect 4.00,
The Toyota Yaris Hatchback , with a GPA of 4.00,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Scion xA , a 4-door hatchback with a GPA of 4.00,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Scion xD , a 4-door hatchback with a GPA of 4.00,
The Honda Fit , a 4-door hatchback with a GPA of 4.00,
The Honda Insight , a 4-door hatchback with a GPA of 4.00,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Scion tC , a coupe with a GPA of 3.75,
The Volkswagen Golf / Rabbit , a 2-door and 4-door hatchback with a GPA of 3.67,
The Toyota Corolla , a sedan with a GPA of 3.50,
The Toyota Matrix , a wagon with a GPA of 3.50,
The Honda Civic Sedan , with a GPA of 3.50,
The Honda Civic Hybrid , a sedan with a GPA of 3.50,
The non-turbo Subaru Impreza Wagon , with a GPA of 3.50,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Scion xB , a wagon with a GPA of 3.33,
The Ford Focus Sedan , with a GPA of 3.25,
The Hyundai Elantra , a sedan or wagon with a GPA of 3.25.

Of these 16, Toyota Motor Corporation accounts for 8 (50%), Honda Motor Company accounts for 4 (25%), and Volkswagen AG, Fuji Heavy Industries' Subaru division, Ford Motor Company, and Hyundai Motor Company each account for 1.

The second list gives those small car models with a 2010 Auto Reliability Grade Point Average between 3.25 and a perfect 4.00 for the age range 2-to-6 years. These small cars are:

The Toyota Corolla , a sedan with a 2010 2-to-6-Year Auto Reliability GPA of a perfect 4.00,
The Toyota Echo , a 2-door hatchback and sedan with a GPA of 4.00,
The Toyota Prius , a 4-door hybrid hatchback with a GPA of 4.00,
The Toyota Yaris Hatchback , with a GPA of 4.00,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Scion xB , a wagon with a GPA of 4.00,
The Honda Fit , a 4-door hatchback with a GPA of 4.00,
The Volkswagen Golf / Rabbit , a 2-door and 4-door hatchback with a GPA of 4.00,
The Toyota Matrix , a wagon with a GPA of 3.75,
The Honda Civic Hybrid , a sedan with a GPA of 3.75,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Scion xA , a 4-door hatchback with a GPA of 3.67,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Lexus IS300, IS350 , a 4-door hatchback and sedan with a GPA of 3.50,
The Honda Civic Sedan , with a GPA of 3.50,
General Motors Corporation's Pontiac Vibe (a Toyota-engineered product marketed by GM), a wagon with a GPA of 3.50,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Scion tC , a coupe with a GPA of 3.33,
The non-turbo Subaru Impreza Wagon , with a GPA of 3.25.

Of these 15, Toyota Motor Corporation accounts for 10 (67%) (including the Toyota-engineered product marketed by GM), Honda Motor Company accounts for 3 (20%), and Volkswagen AG and Fuji Heavy Industries' Subaru division each account for 1.

The third list gives those small car models with a 2010 Auto Reliability Grade Point Average between 3.25 and a perfect 4.00 for the age range 4-to-8 years. These small cars are:

The Toyota Corolla , a sedan with a 2010 4-to-8-Year Auto Reliability GPA of a perfect 4.00,
The Toyota Echo , a 2-door hatchback and sedan with a GPA of 4.00,
The Toyota Prius , a 4-door hybrid hatchback with a GPA of 4.00,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Scion xB , a wagon with a GPA of 4.00,
The Honda Civic Sedan , with a GPA of 4.00,
General Motors Corporation's Pontiac Vibe (a Toyota-engineered product marketed by GM), a wagon with a GPA of 4.00,
Toyota Motor Corporation's Lexus IS300 , a 4-door hatchback and sedan with a GPA of 3.75,
The Honda

Advantages and Disadvantages to Owning a Hybrid Vehicle

What are the new hybrid cars that are available on the market?

Any car or vehicle that combines more than a single source of power can be called a hybrid vehicle.

Today most of the hybrid vehicles on the road combine gas and electricity to provide the power for the propulsion to the vehicle. Diesel-electric hybrids are the newcoming hybrid that offers even greater fuel efficiency with the new VW car being introduced to the American market. So how does this most popular vehicle hybrid (gas-electricity) work?

The basic principle behind the workings of this hybrid vehicle system lies in the combination of the two sources of power-a gas engine and a high powered battery both provide power for running the electric motor that runs the car. In hybrid cars the batteries do not need to be charged externally because they charge themselves by recapturing the energy that is generally lost when a vehicle decelerates or slows down.

Another seemingly obvious benefit is that they keep on the amount of fuel giving more miles per gallon of fuel as opposed to cars that run only on fuel. Even though in principle the workings of hybrid cars are the same (a combination of the gas engine with an electric motor working in harmony) the combination varies between different kinds of hybrids.

In some hybrid cars, when extra power is required, the electric motor is used only to provide assistance to the propulsion created by the fuel engine. The two functions (the electric motor and gas engine) have to take place separately as the electric motor can not work independently and the battery also can not get charged and provide power to the electric motor at the same time. The term given to these types of hybrid cars / vehicles is generally referred to as mild hybrids. Examples of cars that fall into this category are Honda Civic (2004 and 2005) hybrids and the Honda Insight.

On the other hand, once certain conditions are achieved, there are other kinds of hybrid cars where the electric motor, run by the battery can work independently of the gas engine. This happens mostly when the car is cruising at low speeds, once the car requires more power to run at higher speeds the gas engine takes over. The third phase where both systems work together is when the vehicle is traveling at very high speeds. Another benefit to this type of hybrid vehicles are known as the 'full hybrids' is that the battery can both get charged and provide power to the motor at the same time. Examples of cars that fall into this category are Ford Escape, Toyota Highlander and Honda Civic (2006 and above).

Currently most of the hybrid cars that are available, due to this still being developmental technology, cost as much as some of the most expensive cars on the market, this leaves them out of reach for most people. Until they start being commercially produced in large enough quantities to force the prices down they will then provide some benefit to the community. Another problem that is foreseen with these types of hybrid vehicles is the design of the batteries that have been built to last less than a 10 years. Not a very ecologically sound design!

One big plus for American owners of hybrid cars are that currently they are enjoying tax credits of $ 2,000 to $ 50,000 from the IRS

For more information on how you could by saving money on a water hybrid car visit today.

Source by Karen A Graham

Major Eugene P Hogan and the World War Two Jeep

Major Hogan in Hail To The Jeep (by A. Wade Wells) said that 'Jeep' is an old Army grease monkey term that was back to at least WWI and was used by shop mechanics in referring to any new motor vehicle received for a test . In recent years (during WW2), the word has been used specifically by the Armored Force but not in relation to the 1/4-ton. Rather it was used in relation to a 1/2-ton command car. Just when this generally used term was specifically applied to the vehicle it now describes is hard to say. Its popularity grows from its general use by the public.

Part of the above is often cited as appearing in a history of Jeep development for the Army's Quartermaster review in 1941. Major Hogan then a Lieutenant wrote two articles for Quartermaster Review during 1941. The first article was one page and it was entitled "The Bug "He said. The word "jeep" is not mentioned at all, however, "bug," "bantam," and "puddle-jumper" are listed. This article appeared in the March / April 1941 issue. The second article was called The Story of the Quarter-Ton – The Army's Smallest Car Known as a "Jeep." In this article there is no reference to "grease monkeys" or even from where the word jeep came from.

There is no notation but since Hogan is listed as a Major, this information may have come from Wells "investigation" (Hail To The Jeep) into the history of the jeep. He sent out little forms to various officers and men in order to find out what they knew about the jeep and its development.

Source by Robert Notman

Commercial Vehicle Finance Loans

Commercial vehicle finance loans are something that many businesses look into for a variety of reasons. Office based jobs will sometimes give company vehicles to particular employees as an added benefit. This is especially true if there is an outside sales staff or a need for the employees to make visits to clients outside of their base of operations. Instead of utilizing the employee's personal vehicle and compensating for mileage, the company will supply a company vehicle and apply for commercial vehicle finance loans to stock the employees with company cars. This is sometimes better for the image of the company, can help keep costs down and assist with branding. Commercial vehicle finance loans are also used when purchasing vehicles for delivery of freight. Any business that deals with the shipping and delivery of wares should look into commercial vehicle finance loans.

A company with an upscale image may purchase vehicles for employees that portrays a particular image. A commercial vehicle finance loan can help accommodate this need by allowing the company to purchase several high end vehicles for company use. Because maintenance and mileage on an employee's individual car can be expensive, the company can regulate those costs by supplying a company vehicle. The commercial vehicle finance loan amount will be known and it will be easier to budget for that expense. Branding can also be used when purchasing cars through a commercial vehicle finance loan. Often vehicles are branded with the logo and a possible slogan so those who are traveling and see the vehicle will get brand recognition. The use of a commercial vehicle finance loan to purchase these types of vehicles will often help increase sales revenue by increased exposure to the brand name.

Commercial vehicle finance loans are very similar to personal loans. Often there is a need for a down payment and then monthly payments are made on the note for the total cost of the loan. The advantage of the commercial vehicle finance loan is that companies can make a larger loan with the assets as collateral. This way, larger items such as trucks can be purchased and many vehicles can be purchased at once. Commercial vehicle finance loans are available for outright purchases as well as leases. Commercial vehicle finance loans used for leasing vehicles are typically used by companies that want to keep newer vehicles and trade them in every few years. Using a commercial vehicle finance loan for sale or lease of vehicles to be used in business will help companies keep a set amount of money budgeted yet allow the company to have a fleet of cars or trucks at their disposal.

Commercial vehicle finance loans are available through private lenders, banks and dealerships. As with any loan, commercial vehicle finance loans should have been researched to get the best deal. The finance officer of the company should sit down with bank officers at banks and lending institutions to understand what the terms of the commercial vehicle finance loan are and what the repayment options are before settling on one.

Source by David Riches

A Review of The Volkswagen Cross Coupe TDI

With each vehicle that rolls out of the production line, a lot of focus is placed on the fuel economy techniques that have been instituted in the vehicle. Volkswagen has been seen as a vehicle manufacturer that does not differ in any way to the norm, and this can be clearly seen in the hybrid vehicle that they have in their line, the VW Cross Coupe TDI, a vehicle that comes in a build a power train that is merged, ensuring that the vehicle is targeted towards the green revolution, and making the world better.

The concept of the vehicle that was showcased at the 2012 Geneva Motor show is not new in any way as a similar concept had been showcased at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show. The main difference that is seen in this vehicle is that it comes in an efficient diesel engine and a cross over electric motor.

The Cross Concept showcased in Geneva also comes in VW's MQB (Modular Transverse Matrix) Chassis, a technology owned by VW. The exterior of the vehicle comes in a design that shows the true build of the VW Cross Coupe TDI, a design that has 5 doors and with sharply sloped angles on the vehicle.

The powertrain of the vehicle comes from two electric motors and a diesel turbocharged engine that kicks in when the electric power is depleted. The vehicle comes in a 7 speed dual clutch transmission system. One of the motors of the vehicle is attached to the front wheels. This gives the motor the function of either propelling the vehicle or even charging the vehicle's electric powertrain. The motor produces about 133 lb / ft of torque.

The other motor is located at the rear wheels producing about 199 lb / ft torque and is what is mainly used to power the vehicle. The transmission mode of the vehicle in the rear vehicle can come from the diesel engine or even from the electric motor. This can be via a 9.8 KWh lithium-ion battery installed in the vehicle or the 2.o liter diesel engine. The combined powertrain modes from the rear and front wheels produce about 295 lb / ft of torque, ad this is achieved through the MQB technology.

The vehicle comes in different driving modes such as Sport, Cross Coupe, a mode that produces maximum efficiency, an off-road mode, an E mode and a Charging mode. According to the VW, the Vehicle can clock a 0-60 mph at 6.5 seconds

There are several different driving modes for the Cross Coupe: City (for maximum efficiency), Sport, Off-Road, E-mode, and Charging. If the lithium-ion battery is charged, E-mode allows the crossover to drive for 28 miles and up to 75 mph on electrical power alone using the rear motor. (The diesel engine and front electric motor are disconnected from the drive axles.) In Sport mode, the diesel engine and both electric motors provide 516 lb-ft and all-wheel-drive, allowing the Cross Coupe to hit 60 mph in 6.5 seconds . A full tan of the vehicle that holds about 14.5 gallons is expected to drive about 800 miles, an amazing feat as this is combined with charging the batteries. A release date of the Cross Coupe has not yet been set yet, although this is expected to be really soon, especially after the showcasing of the vehicle.

Source by Shanon Winters

Spread Your Brand Through Vehicle Wrap & Car Wrap

If you want to advertise your product or brand, investing in vehicle wraps as a marketing strategy, is the best decision you can make. Using expressive fleet graphics and an array of vinyl wraps, you can spread word easily about your brand, including it reaches a wider audience. Let's see some of the various benefits of using a car wrap to advertise your brand:

  • Attractive and Unique: With a bright and expressive car wrap, you can catch people's attention while being on the move, constantly. As fleet graphics are a rare advertising concept, they tend to catch the eye as something distinct, innovative, and professional. Using a different mode of advertising strategy, will give you an edge over your competitors, thus, grasping the interest of the audience, instantly. Staying above your business rivals is imperative and a vehicle wrap concept, does arouse interest in the market, definitely.
  • Passive Advertising: Unlike active advertising where your brand is directly marketed on the radio and TV, Vehicle wraps fall in the passive advertising category. With this mode of mobile advertising, you can spread the word about your brand when your car is on the move and a million people see your ad.
  • Cost Effective: Being one of the most cost effective forms of advertising your brand, car wraps never expire, are attractive, and spread the word easily due to constant mobility. Fleet graphics, which are placed on cars or trucks, have a low budget and much more impact and exposure than an expensive billboard. The best advertising strategy for large or small businesses alike, car wraps provide effective economic outdoor advertising, targeting maximum amount of consumers.
  • Increased Sales: It has been a proven fact, that due to maximum visibility, your sales will be tremendously increased with attractive car wraps. With about 30,000 to 70,000 viewers of attractive and professional vehicle wraps, sales definitely reach dizzy heights enabling a successful business.

Vehicle wraps can turn your ordinary looking vehicle into a stunning piece of eye-catching advertisement meant to increase your sales and business. A must have for elevating your brand status and giving your competitors a tough competition !!

Source by Graham Tesla

Frequency Inverters: Applications For Industrial Facilities

Reducing operational costs by operating machinery and building systems more efficiently is a goal for many industrial facilities. In some cases, facilities power certain buildings and electrical systems with renewable energy sources such as solar power or wind power. Considering the high number of electric motors and fluorescent lighting ballasts that industrial facilities have running at any given time, outfitting the motors with high-quality frequency inverters, and using power inverters (aka sine wave inverters) to refine the operation of lighting ballasts, can significantly improve energy usage and lead to better equipment performance.

Electric Motors

Electric motors that receive electricity from a Direct Current (DC) power source such as solar panels or wind turbines, and operate in response to data signals (eg cooling operations), can benefit from frequency inverters. In addition to refining the operation of motors by converting DC to Alternating Current (AC), the devices help motors operate more efficiently, serving as soft starters that reduce the amount of power that is required to start motors, and allowing motors to operate at the minimum frequency that is needed to get the job done.

Lighting Ballasts

Fluorescent lighting is an energy efficient technology. When an industrial facility receives an energy audit, the energy auditor often recommends replacing incandescent lighting and halogen lighting with incandescent lighting. However, for the replacement to make a significant difference in the facility's electric bill, fluorescent lighting ballasts must receive sinusoidal current that true sine wave inverters provide.

The devices can improve the performance of lighting ballasts when the later receive electricity from a source that produces Direct Current, and when the ballasts demonstrate signals of harmonic distortion, such as flickering bulbs and a distinct buzzing sound, regardless of the cause.

Lighting ballasts are not the only devices that perform better when they receive sinusoidal current, but their systematic implementation in industrial facilities makes them an ideal reason to outfit a building with devices that improve energy usage and equipment performance. Other devices the benefit from receiving sinusoidal current include sensitive computer equipment, sound equipment, and digital devices.


Using frequency inverters and sine wave inverters to improve the performance of electric motors and lighting ballasts that receive power from renewable energy sources help facilities improve energy usage and refine the performance of the equipment. To learn more about improving the performance of motors and lighting systems in industrial facilities, contact a provider of commercial grade electrical solutions today.

Source by William T. Tyler

What Is An Unmanned Air Vehicle

Unmanned Air Vehicle drones come in various shapes and sizes, some of them are suitable for indoors only, they are small in size and light weight. Other models can be used both indoors and outdoors; they are bigger size and have more powerful motors and batteries that can cover a greater distance.

The application for most is for recreation purpose, they are a bit like the radio controlled model airplanes, the only difference is that the model U.A.V is powered by electric motors, and the fly time per battery charge is about 10 minutes. They are basic three options in design of the vehicle for the beginner; a helicopter, symmetrical multi propeller copter, a model airplane style or a single wing style model airplane.

The design also determines the physics of the flight path and the control of the vehicle. If it is a helicopter design that gets the lift from the lateral propeller/s, there the flight is more stationary, it is not depended on the aero dynamics of the wing design to give the air lift to the vehicle, but rather the rotor engines with propellers do the hard work and keep it airborne.

The modern innovative digital technology has enabled cameras both with the still image and video to be made small and light, this has caught on with hobbyist and action sports enthusiasts to attach a video camera to the vehicle, whether it is a bike helmet, a skateboard, snowboard, surfboard, motor cross bike helmet or a remotely radio controlled vehicle like a U.A.V. The most popular action sport camera is the Go-Pro Camera that also has a water proof casing down to 60 meters. The camera with aW.I.F.I is the feature that makes remotely controlled radio vehicles popular, the ability to view live video streaming of the environment from above in the sky; it is the bird eye view of the world.

Learning and mastering the modern high technology of computer software, robotics, aero dynamics, G.P.S positioning, satellites and Google maps grid, is a new modern day frontier for the hobbyist to conquer. The price range can slot into 4 groups: 1. Basic, under $500. 2. Moderate price, under $1000. 3. Middle range hobbyist, under $5000. 4. Professional business, more than $10 000.

The more sophisticated U.A.V have a G.P.S onboard and a Flight control software where the flight plan can be pre planned with what is called the WAYPOINT system. The G.P.S system uses number of satellites to determine its position. The WAYPOINT navigation systems use these coordinates longitude, latitude, and altitude, this system is used on U.A.V’s that are more powerful and able to travel out of visible sight, for a long time. If the G.P.S receiver has a track-logging feature and capability, it can define waypoints from the fly path it has travelled afterwards. The fly path coordinates can be pre-planned using Google maps, and locating with the distinctive land marks and features that are visible on the map, they could be such things as a sports field, a building, a path way, a street, etc, depending on the landscape where the U.A.V is being flown.

The new innovative technology for the hobbyist radio controlled U.A.V, have a built in software program that flies the U.A.V on autopilot. One example is the DJI Phantom a multi-directional, symmetrical-bodied Quadcopter that is radio controlled. It sits at the moderate price range (under $1000). It is a very clever piece of computer engineering, and a great place to start for a new U.A.V hobbyist. It does have a G.P.S guiding system that works off the satellites. It can fly on autopilot and return to the location of departure, e.g. if it flies out of line of vision or flies too far (beyond 300 meters), or if the monitor is switched off. It climbs up to a preset altitude, and returns back to the point of departure. Governance can be preset for this U.A.V also, constraining it to preset coordinates, whether latitude, longitude or altitude. It also has a; #1. Home Lock, and #2. Course lock Modes: Intelligent Orientation Control modes, translated; 1. Left means, to fly left command at a particular distance, which becomes a fly around circle around the pilot if flight continued in that direction. 2. Fly left command, on the control panel (when flying away), and left is left when flying towards the pilot, this mode removes any interpretation errors for beginners.

Other unique features in some U.A.V drone’s are the “Follow me mode”, it will follow the person or vehicle carrying the monitor at a specific distance and specific altitude. This feature can be used for a live video stream, recording the mobile pilot from the above hovering U.A.V, e.g. cycling, skateboarding, jogging, skiing, snowboarding or whatever else imaginable.

Safety precautions.…


Welcome to Everything About Cars.

Cars have been an obsession for human beings since their conception in the late 19th century.
If cars had a heart, it would not doubt be the gasoline engine.

A controversy in the 21st century, the gasoline engine has nonetheless withstood the test of time and is still being employed today in most modern cars.

Many people, if their budget allows it, becoming collectors of cars. Throughout the years, thousands of models have made their entrance, had their moment of glory, and made their exit. Collecting vintage cars is a hobby only available to those who can afford it, however, as it is cost and requires a lot of garage space. The maintenance of cars is absolutely critical to any collector; it should be of utmost importance that the cars be shiny, mechanically functional, and ready to be taken for any whimsical spin deemed necessary.

For many, however, cars are little more than a functional tool of locomotion. It is understandable then, that the controversial surrounding the gasoline engine has now reached critical proportions. Cars can be powered by new-age hybrid motors which rely on an electrical back-up system-only using gasoline combustion when absolutely necessary. These motors can help cars reduce their emissions of carbon monoxide.

There is a future for cars – one that remains stylish yet adapts to the modern world's needs. There would be nothing more luxurious than adapting classic cars to new, hybridized technologies. This is why the future for cars, car collectors, and environment-friendly functionalists is a bright one.

Source by Stipe Mamuza

When To Pass Another Vehicle And When Not To Pass

When a vehicle in front of you is moving slowly, you would rather want to pass that vehicle and get on your way quickly. However, there are still some conditions or situations that you would have to consider first before you do such a thing. You see, you could get into accidents or collisions if you just keep on passing other vehicles without much precaution.

Passing is also known as overtaking. The lane used for this activity is almost always on the inside lane which is somewhere towards the center of the road and away from the road shoulder. On a road with two lanes, the passing lane is oftentimes in the direction of oncoming traffic. However, it is only allowed on long straightways with plenty of visibility. On the other hand, on a multi-lane highway, any lane can be considered as a passing lane.

If you are a new driver, you may think that passing is easy. However, think again for it could really get quite tricky. You should not pass if there is a solid yellow line on your side. Also, if you are unclear if there is sufficient time or space to overtake the other vehicle, do not do so. Hesitation could lead to distraction and accidents.

When you come to a road where you can not see the curve or you can not see over a hill, do not overtake. You see, there might be another vehicle coming on the other side of the road and it could be disastrous. Also, if there is another car coming towards the opposite lane, it means that you should not overtake. Also, do not overtake if there is also another vehicle passing you.

To make sure that you are passing safely, only pass if there is a dotted line on your side. Also, check first if the passing lane is clear before you overtake. Also make sure that you and your vehicle has plenty of space to pass safely through.

Mazda Parts and Mazda Auto Parts has a long list of high quality Mazda 626 parts and other Mazda parts to help you out in having and maintaining your vehicle. After all, a vehicle in good condition would assist you tremendously in having a safe and a wonderful driving experience.

Source by Kimberly Meyer

If You Ever Wanted a World Class Motor Coach Now is the Time to Buy

Have you ever considered owning a large RV or super class motor home? Well, right now the prices are way down and they are practically giving them away. You can buy a million dollar recreational motor coach for under a quarter of the original price. Why are there such great deals in the market place right now, during what would normally be peak summer travel season? If you guessed the high-price of fuel, you would be right on the money.

The housing calamity is another reason of course; consider that many of the people who buy the extremely large and all encompassing motor homes do so through a home equity loan. With housing prices down, many do not have the equity in their homes to buy such a large motor coach right now. If you will check out the classified sections you will find many used motor homes for sale at unheard of prices.

There are also many new motor home manufacturers and dealers offering super deals, they have to just to stay in business. The $ 5.00 per gallon diesel fuel prices have indeed severely hurt the RV Industry. Those who already own motor homes have curtailed travel due to fuel costs rising and those thinking of buying a new or used motor home have re-considered that notice.

One local RV dealer with a repair shop noted that they have never been so slow in all his 20-years in the industry. As an example of why he asked I look out from the dealership onto the road from his freeway frontage and count the RVs that go by every 10-minutes. He said a couple of years ago you would count one to two every minute and now you are lucky to see one every 5-10 minutes. Think about this.

Source by Lance Winslow

An All-Informative Guide About New and Used Trucks

"Trucks are one of the most frequently used vehicles for transporting cargos and passengers from one place to another and though they differ greatly in terms of size, power and configuration, they can be personalized as per one's requirement and usability."

Trucks have become a vital part of our lives when it comes to transporting people and cargo from end-to-end. Trucks are available in different sizes and configurations and are typically powered by diesel engines, although gasoline engines are also available in the American market. Unlike old times when trucks were only used as a transport vehicle, the modern SUV and pickup vans are available with the latest features such as touch-screen navigation, DVD players, Bluetooth connectivity and satellite radio amidst others. Both new as well as used trucks are easily available in the market at varied prices and can be customized as per one's need and requirements.

While the trucks have been in use for long, it was during the 1920s after the First World War that the industry witnessed a major boom and drivers even started to make a living out of the truck business. Trucking companies started increasing in number as the demand for transporting goods from one corner to the other went up and while some of them saw losses during the Depression, those who could survive witnessed a boom from the reviving economy. In 1935, Congress passed the Motor Carrier Act which tried to regulate the trucking industry and laid down certain policies for doing so. Although the trucking companies were primarily concerned that these policies will curb their business, yet road infrastructure became better and the industry witnessed growth with the rise in demand.

Truck manufacturers saw an increase in sales during the war as defense contracts promoted heavy-duty vehicle production on behalf of the war efforts. Ford, Dodge, and Chevrolet all re-entered the market with newly styled models that featured modern styling and progress in comfort and engineering. Truck transmissions evolved with time and more and more companies entered the business with the American trucking industry leading ahead of the European industry. Nowadays, with the domestic sales industry reaching out to a wider international audience, the trucking industry still remains an essential means of transport in the 21st century as well.

When you think of trucks, whether new or used ones, there are certain well-known brands such as Volvo Group, Ford, Dodge, Fiat Group, Toyota Group, Nissan, Tata Group, General Motors, Volkswagen and Daimler AG amongst others who are known for their heavy-duty as well as light commercial trucks. Names such as Ford F-150, Chevrolet Silverado 1500, Toyota Tundra, Dodge RAM 1500 or 3000, Nissan Frontier, GMC Sierra 1500, Chevrolet Colorado, and Ford Ranger have become an essential part of the trucking industry. Both new as well as used models of these trucks are further used for different purposes and are available with certified dealers at attractive discount rates.

Modern pick-up trucks are no longer as bulkier as their conventional predecessors and have now packed carlike comfort, high-end features and versatility which makes them the most preferred vehicles in the American market.

Source by Avelyn C

How to Jump Start a Vehicle

Are you stranded by a dead battery? This is how to jump start a vehicle. A simple and common Emergency Roadside Service for the do it yourself person.

Tools and Things Needed:

Method # 1

1. Jumper cables preferably color coded meaning one set of clamps in one color usually red or black some are orange or yellow.

2. A second vehicle of the same operating voltage.

Method # 2

1. If you have one of those Jump Start Packs it is color coded usually Red for + Positive and Black for -Negative.


Method # 1

1. Connect cables to the second vehicle first clamp Red to + Positive terminal making sure that the cables are not crossed or lowered, then clamp -Negative terminal.

2. Connect the other pair of clamps being careful not to short them, first clamp Red + Positive to the dead battery positive terminal.

3. To avoid arcing connect the clamp Black -Negative to a metal part of the motor where the cable is safe from rotating parts or a safe part of the metal frame.

4. Start vehicle and remove Jumper Cables in reverse order with the negative clamp first.

Method # 2

1. Connect the Red clamp first to the + Positive terminal of the dead battery and then clamp the Black -Negative as in step 3 of Method # 1.

2. Start vehicle and remove Jump Start Pack in reverse order.

I hope this was informative and helpful to you on how to jump start a vehicle. Self reliance is a good thing and your can save on the Emergency Roadside Service (no HOOK !!). Please understand that I claim no responsibility for any damages and or injury as a result of following these instructions or operator error.

Source by Camron Stroud