Activity Diagrams – Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications of Use

Activity diagrams describe the actual work flow behavior of a system in Information Technology. These diagrams are very similar to state Diagrams because activities are the actual state of doing something. These diagrams describe the actual state of activities of a system by showing all the sequence of activities performed. Also, these diagrams can show activities that are conditional or parallel.

When to Use: Activity Diagrams

Activity diagrams should be used in alignment with other modeling techniques like interaction diagrams and State diagrams. The main reason behind using these diagrams is to model the work flow behind the system being designed. these Diagrams are also useful for analyzing a use case by describing what actions need to take place and when they should occur, describing a complicated sequential algorithm and modeling applications with parallel processes.

Activity diagrams’ advantages:

  • UML modeling language included that these diagrams are normally easily comprehensible for both analysts and stakeholders.
  • In UML for the IT Business Analyst, “The activity diagram is the one most useful to the IT BA for depicting work flow [because] it is simple to understand-both for BAs and end-users.”
  • Since they are among the most user-friendly diagrams available, they are generally regarded as an essential tool in an analyst’s repertoire.
  • Additionally, as stated above, activity diagrams allow an analyst to display multiple conditions and actors within a work flow through the use of swimlanes. Swimlanes, however, are optional as a single condition or actor is normally displayed without them.

Activity diagrams’ disadvantages:

UML modeling language include that these diagrams have the potential to become overly complex because their user-friendly nature may lend itself to an all-inclusive description. In other words, since it is so simple to display the information related to the project, why not include all of it? When an analyst has a large project, creating a single, overly complex diagram can be a temptation.

However, as one author notes, “if you are using activity diagrams to define the structure of a work flow, you should not attempt to explore several levels of activity graphs down to their most ‘atomic’ level”. Instead, an analyst should try to present a new diagram for each work flow, or if more applicable, to use swimlanes to present different actors within the same work flow.

Another aspect of these diagrams is that they may not be used in lieu of a state diagram or sequence diagram because “activity diagrams do not give detail about how objects behave or how objects collaborate.” This is not a disadvantage per se, but it is important for an analyst to keep in mind when applying diagrams to their work.

In conclusion, activity diagrams are fairly easy to get the hang of, and will be useful for most projects because they plainly and moderately clearly demonstrate how things work.” Unlike many diagramming techniques, these diagrams also enable the depiction of multiple choices and actors within a work flow, and they are easy for even non-technical users to follow

Applications of activity diagram:

This diagram has been extended to specify flows among steps that transmit physical matter (e.g., gasoline) or energy (e.g., torque, pressure).

  • Additional changes allow the diagram to better support continuous behaviors and continuous data flows.
  • The UML 2 specification significantly prolonged the features and scale of activity diagrams beyond their earlier classification as a special case of state diagrams.
  • Today, activity diagrams can be thought of as flow charts for the 21st century, and UML modelers use activity diagrams to describe it.
  • Also, these diagrams are useful in following methods:
  • Business Rules
  • Functions that occur in parallel
  • Complex chain of multiple use cases
  • Software flows and logic control configurations
  • Procedures with judgment points and alternate flows
  • Single use cases



Source by Preeti D G

The Auction Arbitrage Secret – A Review

The Auction Arbitrage Secret is not the first e-book to be produced on the subject of arbitration selling using online auction sites. However, it does differ from some of the other books on the subject by the fact that it is written by someone who practices what he preaches and makes a good living following his own methods. Peter Bruckshaw buys and sells laptops, iPods, jewelry and many other products on eBay and obviously knows what he is writing about.

The term arbitrage was originally used in the financial world but more recently has also become associated with horse race betting on sites such as Betfair. It is now becoming frequently and sometimes incorrectly used to describe buying and selling on sites such as eBay. The basics of true arbitrage are where you get yourself in the position that you can not possibly lose money on a transaction.

When anyone talks about arbitrage in respect of online auctions what they are talking about is buying at one low price and selling at another higher one. This is not true arbitrage because whenever you buy anything there is always a risk that you may not be able to sell it. However, having said that, the odds are very much in your favor that you will profit from this type of trading.

Peter maintains it is very easy to set up an auction arbitrage business as all that is required is obviously an eBay and PayPal accounts and a sniper software program which will make bids on your behalf just as the auction is closing. You will also require some capital to make your first few purchases. It is possible to purchase suitable arbitrage products both offline and from eBay or other online auction sites. In the Auction Arbitrage Secrets you are given a step by step example showing showing how he purchased a printer for £ 45 and then sold it on eBay for £ 127.

This 79 page e-book is full of useful advice for anyone wishing to operate in the same way as Peter. On the downside I do not believe that the method is true arbitrage or in fact a "secret". People have been buying items and selling them for more than they paid for them since trading began. It is a well written e-book which is full of helpful advice and information which if followed could help anyone wanting to build a business selling products online.



Source by DJ Bromley

T-Shirts – Common Terms Explained

T-shirt manufacturers use many terms to describe their products. The terms are not always consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.

The following is the official Green Man T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt terms:

20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A standard spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher number means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts made of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The terms are used many ways, but it’s the number that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads can be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads were twisted together, it would be referred to as 20/2.

Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic material, most experts agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extremely soft and has excellent drape.

Bamboo: Fast growing plant, classified as a grass, which can be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.

Bleach Wash: A process that uses bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.

Boat Neck: A very wide neckline that runs across the collarbone area to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the wide neck enabled quick removal if the sailor fell overboard.

Boy Beater: Women’s fashion answer to the wife beater. A women’s tank top, although it can be any color.

Brushed Cotton: A method to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a very soft, smooth finish.

Burn-Out: A process that uses sulfuric acid or other strong acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric knit, usually a polyester/cotton blend. The process gives a see-through, very sheer effect.

Cap Sleeves: Usually refers to shorter sleeves on women’s garments.

Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as a “greenhouse” gas because of its relationship with global warming. A few t-shirt manufacturers are now measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.

Carbon Trust: Independent organization founded in 2001 in Great Britain that monitors carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust works with companies to help reduce their carbon footprint, and now certifies companies and products as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A few t-shirt companies now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.

Carding: A fiber cleaning process that eliminates short fibers and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding can be done by hand or by large machines using drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not as desirable as combed cotton.

Cellulase Wash: Another name for enzyme wash. This gives fabric a soft feel and a vintage look, depending on how the wash is done.

Cellulose: Derived from the cell walls of certain plants. Useful in making certain types of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is actually rayon made from bamboo cellulose.

Cheap Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and have poor drapability. Used often as cheap promotional give-aways.

Climate Neutral: A term used to describe a company, process, or product that has zero impact on the Earth’s climate. A few t-shirt manufacturers advertise their company as climate neutral.

CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as a “greenhouse” gas because of its relationship with global warming.

Colorfastness: The ability of a garment to withstand multiple washings without losing its color.

Combed Cotton: A method to remove short fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a smooth, fine cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high strength, excellent uniformity, and better hand. Combed cotton costs more and is used in finer t-shirts.

Compacting: A process that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.

Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a different color than the garment. Gives a nice design detail in t-shirts.

Control Union: An international organization that offers certification services for a variety of programs–including many organic certification programs. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard).

Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a smooth flat face and a more textured but uniform back. …

The KWP2000 Protocol in Automotive Diagnostic Applications

The KWP2000 protocol has become a de facto standard in automotive diagnostic applications. It is standardized as ISO 14230-3. KWP2000 describes the implementation of various diagnostic services you can accethrough the protocol. You can run KWP2000 on several transport layers such as K-line (serial) or CAN.

Transport Protocol

As KWP2000 uses messages of variable byte lengths, a transport protocol is necessary on layers with only a well defined (short) message length, such as CAN. The transport protocol splits a long KWP2000 message into pieces that can be transferred over the network and reassembles those pieces to recover the original message.

KWP2000 runs on CAN on various transport protocols such as ISO TP (ISO 15765-2), TP 1.6, TP 2. 0 (Volkswagen), and SAE J1939-21. For KWP2000, the Automotive Diagnostic Command Set supports only the ISO TP (standardized in ISO 15765-2) and manufacturer-specific VW TP 2.0 transport protocols.

Diagnostic Services

The diagnostic services available in KWP2000 are grouped in functional units and identified by a one-byte code (ServiceId). The standard does not define all codes; for some codes, the standard refers to other SAE or ISO standards, and some are reserved for manufacturer-specific extensions. The Automotive Diagnostic Command Set supports the following services:

• Diagnostic Management

• Data Transmission

• Stored Data Transmission (Diagnostic Trouble Codes)

• Input/Output Control

• Remote Activation of Routine

Upload/Download and Extended services are not part of the Automotive Diagnostic Command Set.

Diagnostic Service Format

Diagnostic services have a common message format. Each service defines a Request Message, Positive Response Message, and Negative Response Message. The Request Message has the ServiceId as first byte, plus additional service-defined parameters. The Positive Response Message has an echo of the ServiceId with bit 6 set as first byte, plus the service-defined response parameters.

The Negative Response Message is usually a three-byte message: it has the Negative Response ServiceId as first byte, an echo of the original ServiceId as second byte, and a ResponseCode as third byte. The only exception to this format is the negative response to an EscapeCode service; here, the third byte is an echo of the user-defined service code, and the fourth byte is the ResponseCode. The KWP2000 standard partly defines the ResponseCodes, but there is room left for manufacturer-specific extensions. For some of the ResponseCodes, KWP2000 defines an error handling procedure. Because both positive and negative responses have an echo of the requested service, you can always assign the responses to their corresponding request.

Connect/Disconnect

KWP2000 expects a diagnostic session to be started with StartDiagnosticSession and terminated with StopDiagnosticSession. However, StartDiagnosticSession has a DiagnosticMode parameter that determines the diagnostic session type. Depending on this type, the ECU may or may not support other diagnostic services, or operate in a restricted mode where not all ECU functions are available. The DiagnosticMode parameter values are manufacturer specific and not defined in the standard. For a diagnostic session to remain active, it must execute the TesterPresent service periodically if no other service is executed. If the TesterPresent service is missing for a certain period of time, the diagnostic session is terminated, and the ECU returns to normal operation mode.

GetSeed/Unlock

A GetSeed/Unlock mechanism may protect some diagnostic services. However, the applicable services are left to the manufacturer and not defined by the standard.You can execute the GetSeed/Unlock mechanism through the SecurityAccess service. This defines several levels of security, but the manufacturer assigns these levels to certain services.

Read/Write Memory

Use the Read/WriteMemoryByAddress services to upload/download data to certain memory addresses on an ECU. The address is a three-byte quantity in KWP2000 and a five-byte quantity (four-byte address and one-byte extension) in the calibration protocols. The Upload/Download functional unit services are highly manufacturer specific and not well defined in the standard, so they are not a good way to provide a general upload/download mechanism.

Measurements

Use the ReadDataByLocal/CommonIdentifier services to access ECU data in a way similar to a DAQ list. A Local/CommonIdentifier describes a list of ECU quantities that are then transferred from the ECU to the tester. The transfer can be either single value or periodic, with a slow, medium, or fast transfer rate. The transfer rates are manufacturer specific; you can use the SetDataRates service to set them, but this setting is manufacturer specific. The Automotive Diagnostic Command Set supports single-point measurements.

Diagnostic Trouble Codes

A major diagnostic feature is the readout of Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs). KWP2000 defines several services that access DTCs based on their group or status.

Input/Output Control

KWP2000 defines services to modify internal or external ECU signals. One example is redirecting ECU sensor inputs to stimulated signals. The control parameters of these commands are manufacturer specific and not defined in the standard.

Remote Activation of a Routine

These services are similar to the ActionService and DiagService functions of CCP. You can invoke …

Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi Near Greensboro, NC 27409

Posted on May 17, 2018 in Auto & Motor

Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi Near Greensboro, NC 27409

The Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi is a family owned and operated group Car dealerships serving customers in the Greensboro, High Point, Winston-Salem and Burlington North Carolina. The owner of the organization is Anthony and ray Wessal, who founders of this of dealership in march of 2006.

The Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi is currently operates out of Greensboro – Serving High Point, Winston-Salem and Burlington North Carolina.

The Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi features the best of the world’s luxury manufacturers including: Mercedes-BenzBMWAudiMiniJaguarSprinterHondaPorscheferrariVolvoLand RoverJaguar and Subaru. They also have the large selection of pre-owned vehicles, inclusive of luxury vehicles of all makes and models, in all price ranges. With an ever-changing selection, it is well worth it to check out our pre-owned inventory on each individual site or by visiting our website
The Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi is one of the largest retailers of new and used luxury vehicles in the east cost. Because of this volume, customers can expect not only the finest of selections, but also a volume-based price which may simply not be available at smaller, single location dealerships.

Our Service-department customers can expect, and will receive, an excellent experience at all award-winning locations. Factory-certified technicians, combined with an extensive on-site parts inventory, assure customers that the service their vehicle requires will be performed correctly, on time, the first time. Based upon the customer surveys from the manufacturers, customers’ expectations are regularly met or exceeded.

Our location also boasts beautiful customer waiting areas which include flat screen televisions, Wi-Fi and complimentary snacks and refreshments. For those customers who choose not to wait, an extensive fleet of complimentary loaner vehicles are available with a scheduled appointment.

Do-it-yourselves will also enjoy the inventories of even the hardest to find parts. And if it is not in stock, you can pretty much guarantee that it will be there in a matter of days upon request.

If you desire merchandise featuring the logo of your favorite manufacturer, you will discover a wide range of apparel and accessories in addition to suit your style in addition to accessories designed for your particular vehicle.

Whether you are interested in purchasing a new or used luxury vehicle, or your current vehicle requires service, the Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi will meet your needs and leave you impressed.

The Eurobahn BMW MINI Mercedes-Benz Audi, and their dedicated team, looks forward to proving to you that once you become a customer, you will become a customer for life. located 303 S. Swing Rd. Greensboro, NC 27409

Garage Represents Automobile Repair Shop

Garage represents automobile repair shop where various types of vehicles are serviced and repaired. Garage sometimes also refers to parking and storage place for vehicles. A residential garage is a part of a home or an associated building designed for storing vehicles.

It is a place of house reserved mostly for car parking, but can be used for as an extra storage place. The main purpose is to keep car safe. It keeps the car cool in the summer and warm in the winter. It must be kept well organized which can be achieved by placing items accordingly in shelves and cabinets attached to the interior walls of the garage. Bicycles, tools, lawn mowers and large appliances are usually placed in the garage. Traditionally garage doors were wooden which used to open either as two leaves or sliding horizontally. Nowadays latest garages are fitted with metal up and over doors which are electrically operated.

With the passage of time various new ideas have been generated regarding Garage storage. Much advancement has been made for designing garage cabinets, lighting, storage and flooring. Garage shelves are designed to be functional and should be made sturdy which can hold heavy items. Peg Board is the first way to install garage shelves which allows putting shelves anywhere by using special brackets. The first thing to keep in mind regarding garage organization is to get every object off the floor and on the wall with waterproof and durable panels. The panels can be installed directly into studs; these panels can support hooks, baskets and shelves for storing garden tools, lawn mower, sports equipment and many other items. Bikes can be hung from the ceiling and many heavy tools can be hung on the wall with hooks. Shelves are also a good way to keep smaller objects in. Wood, Steel and Aluminum cabinets are some of the options to consider for having strong shelves. Overhead garage storage also provides maximum amount of space and keeps well organized. Seasonal items should be placed in higher cabinets or in shelves designed for ceiling.

Garage flooring has various options available which includes garage floor epoxy coating, garage floor tiles and various chemical coatings are available. Beautiful floor looks attractive and is easy to clean and safe to walk. A garage looks complete with finished and well maintained garage flooring. Next important thing for a functional garage is the garage lighting. There are numerous types of garage lights available ranging from T8 and T5 fluorescent lighting, rail spot lighting, cordless LED lights and various decorative lighting.



Source by Jawwad Patel

Key Benefits Of Using Entity Relationship Diagrams

Entity Relationship Diagrams are the best tools to communicate within the entire system. These diagrams are the graphical representation of the flow of data and information. These diagrams are most commonly used in business organizations to make data travel easy. This conceptual database model is an effective way of communicating with the individuals at all the levels. In order to implement this system effectively in your system, it is essential that you have outstanding knowledge regarding the Lucidchart ER diagram. This will help you in using each and every feature of the flow diagram in an effective manner. In order to gain appropriate knowledge about these relationship diagrams, you can search for an ER diagram tutorial online.

The most common use of this diagram is to present the relation of the various tables present in a database. Some key benefits of Entity Relationship Diagrams are further discussed in this article.

Visual Representation

The most crucial benefit of ERD is that it offers a visual presentation of the layout. Having an effective design provides assistance to the database designers to determine the flow of data and working of the complete system. ERD in combination with data-flow diagrams result in an effective visual representation.

Effective communication

The clear representation of the data listed under proper headings and tables results in the effective flow of information and communication. The readers can easily understand the relationship between different fields. The information is represented via different symbols. There are various symbols for representing different information like relationships are represented by diamond shaped boxes, attributes are represented by ovals and entities are represented by rectangular boxes. These symbols allow the designer to have a proper understanding of the working of the database after completion.

Easy To Understand

Entity relationship diagrams can easily be created by expert designers. These are designed in a simple manner so that all the individuals can understand it easily. Before actually designing the database, the designers are required to get the design confirmed and approved the representatives who are to use this data. The representatives have the right to give their suggestions for rectifying the issues related to the designer. Their contribution can play an important role in enhancing the overall design.

High flexibility

This is yet another feature of ERD models. Though the complete database is linked to information in different tables, the readers can easily make out the relationship between various tables. There are several other mathematical formulae which can be used to determine the relationships.

Entity relationship diagrams are an essential part of the business organizations as they prove to be beneficial in managing wide data in an easy and effective manner. It acts as a blueprint of the existing database and allows the designers to create an accurate design as per the needs and requirements of the company and the project. The ERD model makes data flow more efficient. These creative and simple diagrams serve as the best tool for the business organizations allowing them to maintain their database effectively.



Source by Abhinav S Sidana

Auction Audacities – Ways People Scam Online Auction Users

You can find just about anything on eBay these day’s a random browse brings CDs, clothing, cars, and skin to your computer screen. That’s right, I said skin. One man recently auctioned patches of his body to advertising companies, who tattooed their logos on to him. EBay isn’t the only site for surfers bit by the auction bug. There are literally hundreds of sites on the web where you can sell your useless crap and use the money to buy someone elses useless crap. It’s a flea market if I ever saw one-just online. And hey, it’s not all junk. You can find some great deals on auctions sites.

One problem: People are getting scammed, which turns them off to these types of sites altogether. Of course, security is bound to be an issue whenever the Internet and money are involved, but with online auctions, individuals are in control, not corporations who are more trustworthy with business transactions. 99 times out of 100, the relationship between auctioneer and buyer will go smoothly, but just in case, here’s the top five ways users will scam you. Don’t become that minority who walks away from a deal having lost both money and item.

1. Phony Users. I don’t know what the reason is behind it, but some users will bid on items when they never have any intention of purchasing it. Your auction will be over, and the user will cancel his auction membership and disappear-and there’s not much you can do to stop him. Most auction sites charge a fee to sell items, so not only do you still have the unwanted item on your hands, but you also have lost money trying to sell it.

One way to prevent this from happening is to closely keep track of you auction. When the auction closes, take note of the second and third runners up. That way, if the winner bails on you, you can contact the others to see if they are still interested in purchasing the item from you. At some sites, you also have the option of only accepting bids from confirmed users-these are bidders who have either won and paid for items in the past or who have their own auctioneer’s account set up with the site. Check the guidelines, because every site is a little different on their definition of “confirmed buyer.”

2. Stolen Credit Cards. If you own a business and choose to accept credit cards, be careful about how you do this online. When a user pays with a stolen credit card, it may take a few days for the rightful owner to realize it’s one. Guess what? You won’t get the money for your item, which is already in the mail-as good as gone.

Credit card payments are tricky, and I don’t recommend using them unless you own a business with an online website that has credit card payments available. If not, call the credit card company. The name and address that the user provided for shipping should be the same name and address on the card. Companies are glad to check their records for you-it saves them time and money when their cards are stolen. If it doesn’t match up, decline the card and ask for payment in another way.

3. Shipping and Receiving Scoundrels. Whether you’re the buyer or seller, you should be cautious about the exchange of money and goods. Users can easily take your money or item and disappear without sending you what you’re due.

In most conditions, it is the buyer’s responsibility to send payment first. If you’re using a personal check to pay for an item, date the check two weeks from the day you send it. That way, if the seller never sends the item, you can cancel your check before its cashed. The best choice, especially for larger items, is to use an escrow service. These companies act as a go-between for buyers and sellers.

Check with the Better Business Bureau or Consumer Reports before selecting a service to make sure they aren’t scamming both buyer and seller by disappearing with the item and the money, both at once.

4. Check Bouncers. As with stolen credit cards, buyers can easily scam sellers by sending them checks that are no good. You receive the payment and mail the item, but when you go to cash the check, you find out that it is worthless. Don’t shoot yourself in the foot-use a third party service instead.

Third party payment services, the most popular of which is paypal, allow people to create free online accounts to transfer money. Using a bank account or credit card, you can send and receive money almost instantly, which prevents users from stealing your stuff. This is the best option for payment after an …

Quiet Grace on a Crowded Train

Having ridden the Orange Line (in Boston) for some 30 years now, I can honestly say that I have seen and / or experienced almost everything. From rowdy, troublemakers harassing passengers to gropers rubbing against women (I walked one woman to her office before going to mine just to make sure she was safe from the pervert following her) and they even had the opportunity of viewing the "member" of a man smiling at me from across a near empty train. I've seen people sit while a blind man stand (I yelled at them on my way out), and others pick their noses like sweet fruit from a tree.

From afar, I've seen pregnant women standing, struggling to hold on as the train jerked back and forth, and accidents and medical emergencies since before my eyes. Yes, I have even intervened in an attempted robbery while a crowd of women and men stood and stared … I know, I know … not very smart, but I guess my instinct to help kicked in.

But I think if you ride the T long enough (and you're lucky), you just might see some considerate, albeit rare, images as well. Like this morning on my way to work, I noticed a most impressive sight.

A young man in a wheel chair boarded the train at the second stop. He looked about twenty years old, healthy in his face and upper body except for handicapped arms and hands and legs and feet. He sat quietly, not making eye contact with anyone, while expertly manipulating the controls on his chair so as not to be in the way as people exited and entered the train car. I usually feel uncomfortable and unsure about how to properly interact with physically- or mentally-challenged people, so I just go with my gut and treat them with respect as I do other passengers, with maybe an extra smile thrown in for good measure.

Anyways, the train was pretty quiet as some people read and others closed their eyes and pretended to sleep while I, as usual, looked around scouting out fashion faux pas and anything that could be conceived as funny. As I surveyed the crowd, my eyes happened to steer in the direction of the young man in the wheelchair at the exact time that he began to yawn. That's when I saw the most amazing thing. As he yawned, he bought his bony, crooked arm up to his face and covered his mouth with his disfigured hand.

That simple, private, automatic reflect bought tears to my eyes. I mean if anyone could be excused from practicing good manners, it would be someone who finds it difficult or even painful to carry out such actions. Instead, here sat this considerate yet disregarded young man, possessing the grace and honor to display the basic manners most of us "healthy" people are too forgetful or lazy to exercise.

After that, the train stops at the next station. I saw him push some buttons on his chair and roll away, being careful not to bump into those rushing around him to exist or pushing towards him to board. As the train then folded out of the station, I watched him slowly ride down the platform then I closed my eyes and said a prayer for him. A prayer that he would be blessed, and find peace and happiness in his life and, of course, that the elevator at that station was in working order.



Source by Audrey Valeriani

Why Automobiles Aren’t As Bad As You Think

Posted on May 13, 2018 in Auto & Motor

Two Types of Extended Car Warranties

An extended warranty is essentially an insurance policy on your car that provides protection against costly unexpected repairs within a particular span of time and mileage. In contrast with true warranties, which are part of the vehicle price, extended warranties are purchased independently.

Two Types

When you talk about extended warranties, there are two key types: original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and aftermarket. Ford and Toyota are examples of OEMs. A third party would be a warranty or insurance company that has no direct affiliations with a vehicle brand. Cars Protection Plus is an example of a company that offers third-party service warranties.

OEM Warranties

Two types of warranties that OEMs offer are powertrain and bumper to bumper. A powertrain warranty covers engine and transmission issues that are related to workmanship, while a bumper to bumper warranty is intended for most other potential problems with the vehicle, including those involving the vehicle’s electronic systems (power seats, navigation.).

An extended OEM warranty often offers benefits that come with a new vehicle purchase, with added services such as roadside assistance. Know what these other services are with different providers in your area. Cars Protection Plus is one of the best choices – if not the best – you have if you are somewhere in Murrysville, Pennsylvania.

Cars Protection Plus

When choosing the right warranty, you may have to decide if you want a plan that comes with or without a deductible. Like most other types of insurance, a higher deductible lowers the total cost of the policy. The great thing is OEM warranty deductibles are usually under $200.

Third-Party Warranties

In most cases, third-party or aftermarket warranty providers like Cars Protection Plus offer practically the same coverage that OEMs offer. But of course, you’re still talking about two different products, and even third-party warranties can be unique, depending on the provider. They can also differ in terms of deductibles and general policies.

How coverage is administered constitutes another significant difference between OEM and third-party warranties. For example, with a third-party warranty, you may have to pay out-of-pocket for a repair and then file for reimbursement later on. This process is not always quick, but as long as you go with a well-reputed provider like Cars Protection Plus, this ceases to be a problem. In any case, payment expectations should be known to you right from the beginning.

What could be the most important advantage of third-party over OEM warranties is that they are dramatically cheaper. Sometimes, you will even have no other option but a third-party warranty. If you buy a used Toyota at a Ford dealership , for instance, it’s unlikely that you will be given a Toyota OEM warranty.

If you’re planning to buy an extended warranty, make sure you read the fine print. Most of all, pick a good provider like Cars Protection Plus.

Supporting reference: read the full info here

Do not Be Stuck With a Lemon This Summer – Automobile Lemon Law Advice for Car Buyers

It's summer. The temperatures increase. The clothing diminishes. The checkbook comes out, itching to be used for a down payment on a new car.

Summer is one of the busiest car-buying seasons of the year, according to Consumer Advocate Craig Thor Kimmel, Managing Partner of the automobile lemon law firm of Kimmel & Silverman. Now is a terrific time to pick up some new wheels, but potential buyers should follow some important tips to avoid purchasing a faulty vehicle and having to hitchhike in the scorching heat.

"Although getting a new car can be exciting, it is something that should not be rushed," warns Kimmel. "There are certain automobile lemon law precedents consumers need to take to avoid buying the wrong car or paying more than they should."

First, to avoid needing to consult an automobile lemon law attorney like Kimmel, do your research. Make sure the type of car you are considering has a strong customer satisfaction rating, provides the features you need and want and is priced within your range. Consumer Reports is a terrific source of information, with detailed facts on almost every available vehicle, and Kelly Blue Book is great for pre-owned cars. Additionally, consult family, friends and neighbors, as well as Internet review sets like epinions.com. There is no better source of opinions than people who have actually owned the car.

Second, know the Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price (MSRP). Without a car is in high demand, dealers generally sell their vehicles lower than the MSRP, meaning there is almost always wiggle-room with the sticker price and the final price. Also, do not forget to shop around; call several authorized dealers to see if they can get a better offer for you. Identical cars are widely available from dealer to dealer: it's only the price that changes!

Third, it's very important to try it before you buy it. Automobile lemon laws are in place to protect buyers from cars that do not work, but make sure you put it through the works before you sign the papers and drive off. Test every feature, from the defroster to the stereo to the horn. Take the car for a quick test drive, and listen for unusual sounds and pay attention to how the car steers, accelerates, brakes and handles. If something does not seem right, make sure you ask about it, and do not accept promises to fix it after the sale. Tell the dealer you will not agree to anything until the vehicle is running at 100 percent. This is the one time you have total control over the dealer and salesperson. Keep that control and demand perfection before you sign, or you may be buying a metal head down the road.

Fourth, never purchase a car without a manufacturer's warranty, whether the vehicle is new or used. Otherwise, getting your car fixed properly by qualified mechanisms, with the maximum of expertise and the minimum of hassle, may be next to impossible. If the manufacturer of the car will issue a warranty, it must stand behind the work performed, which keeps you protected.

Finally, know your rights as a consumer. If you have purchased a new car or a car with an existing manufacturer's warranty and you have a reoccurring problem that they can not seem to fix, you do have legal rights. Automobile lemon laws exist to protect you, and best of all, legal help is completely free to consumers under State and Federal Laws, so do not be afraid to consult an attorney if needed.



Source by Matthew R Ulmer

Step-By-Step Installation Guide For LED Scanner Knight Rider Lights

Are you wondering about installing an all new LED scanner Knight Rider light kit in your car and sparking up your boring vehicle? If the answer is yes, then this article just might come as a pleasant surprise for you. Listed below are simple easy-to-follow instructions for installing a Knight Rider light kit in your car.

Installing a LED Knight Rider kit doesn’t require much specific professional skills or technical expertise. With the simple plug and play facility, such illuminations can be installed within minutes without putting in any significant efforts. This kit can easily be installed in your car by following the easy instructions step by step. Read below to know how!

  • Remove the kit and open up the front cover of your car.
  • Position the scanner bar in such a manner that the wiring portion of the kit lies close to the battery of your car. This is done to ensure that later on the illuminations can be powered easily with the car’s battery without facing any kind of wiring problems.
  • Take out the zip ties and tie the scanner bar onto the grille of the vehicle using the zip ties. While tying the scanner bar with the grille, make sure that the end portion of the LED scanner bar wiring doesn’t get bent, or else the entire setup might just get damaged. The end wiring portion must be kept straight throughout the process, without fail.
  • Once the bar is tied firmly, attach the LED scanner with the control module, which is supplied in the Knight Rider kit.
  • Make sure to hide way the control module near the battery of the vehicle. This will ensure that the control module always remains dry and intact without getting damaged.
  • Out of the wires provided in the control module, connect only the red and black wires with the positive and negative terminals of the car battery. Leave all the remaining wires as it is, without making any connections.
  • Once the connections are done, you are all set to flaunt the upgraded version of your LED scanner Knight Rider light equipped car.

By following the above mentioned instructions, an LED scanner Knight Rider light kit can be installed easily and quickly in your car. Now, you won’t have to rush to the local mechanic or panic about installing the newly bought scanner lights in your car. Just read through these instructions and impart an all new look to your car!



Source by Eric Wu

Do You Know What One Of The Highest Selling Automobile Components Is?

So you’re one of the people that think automobile sales are the most progressing in sales probably because all of your friends and family have more that one automobile. But you’re wrong. For every automobile sold there are four or more of these critical components sold and without these things on your automobile your car would not run or work. In fact if you didn’t have these items on an automobile you would not be able to even sell the automobile. Well you want to know what I am talking about don’t you? Well I’m talking about the tires for your car, of course!

I’m sure you haven’t ever thought of this but while you own and operate your car you are wearing out tires constantly. An average survey done says that you use three sets of tires in a period of five years which is a total of 12 tires in five years depending on what kind of car you have some vehicles have more tires. If you’re one of those people like I am who go out in the woods and go mudding and just mess around in the outdoors you might be having a new set of tires each year that means in a period of five years you would have use 20 tires that’s a lot of tires don’t you think? So you see the demand for automobile tires is much greater than the demand for automobiles.

This is the reason why when rubber was first invented it was considered one of the most valuable things at the time and it was also called the “golden sap”. It was one of the most valuable things at the time and still is very valuable. Initially locations such as Malaya and Singapore (then known as the Malayan Peninsula) were the world’s top manufacturers of the new product and large nations with many consumers like the United States and almost all of Europe were very eager to get to this area and get their hands on this new product. This is probably why Europe has one of the biggest tire companies there and why there is so much rubber coming from Europe.

Now after many years have passed the demand for rubber tires is still increasing and showing no signs of slowing down. The demand for automobile tires keeps getting bigger and bigger there are more and more cars getting invented and getting put on the market which means more automobile tires are going to be needed to be produced.



Source by Gregg Hall

Performance and Safety Guaranteed with the Strictly Diesel Bulletproof 6.0 Powerstroke for Sale

Posted on May 8, 2018 in Auto & Motor

A fully bulletproof diesel engine allows the owner work in any region of the world, even war-torn areas. A combination of high-quality performance coupled with enhanced safety ensures that the owner gets value for his or her money. There are many areas that this bulletproof diesel package can be used to power. Here are the highlights of this strictly diesel bulletproof 6.0 powerstroke for sale.

What is in the Package?

The bullet-proof package includes the diesel oil cooling system, a 2005-2007 F-series diesel engine and a condenser mount which comes with Square EGR cooler. There are two cooler systems in the engine, the heavy duty EFR as well as the bullet-proof diesel cooler kit. In addition, the kits come with an oil transfer block that is a replacement of the OE engine cooler. The block mounts by the use of the OE gaskets and transfers the oil through the use of a heavy-duty hose.

Superior Oil Cooling Mechanism

Warm oil from the transfer block moves to spin-on diesel oil filter in the periphery before getting to the heat exchanger. The heat exchanger mounts behind the A/C condensing unit. Once the oil gets cool, it comes back from the heat exchanger to the transfer block. One of the many benefits of this configuration is that it deals with issues like the filter bypass problems as well as the clogging of the factory-made oil cooling system.

The heavy-duty EGR cooling system replaces the OE cooler. The bullet-proof cooler comes with a welded round tube that improves the strength of the engine and enhances a greater flow of the coolant. This configuration does not alter the functionality of the EGR and therefore does not require further programming.

The Diesel Engine

The diesel engine comes fitted with 10-micron bypass oil filter that is upgraded to use with the cooler kits. This bypass oil filter kit has additional protection which comes as a result of a re-route of some part of the engine oil through a second filtration system without changing the flow through the primary filter. This upgrade enhances the functionality of the diesel engine and protects it from overheating.…

A Quick History of Services

Posted on May 8, 2018 in Auto & Motor

Tips In Searching For A Vehicle Service

If you are looking for a vehicle service provider, you will be appalled to know that there a lot of them that you can choose from in the market. You just have to choose for the best one in order for you to make sure that you can get the most out of the money that you will be spending for this matter. In doing so, there are certain things that you have to bear in mind so as to be guided accordingly.

First and foremost, you have to make sure that the vehicle service provider has contract to be made with their clients. You will be aided by this written document when it comes to the transactions to be done with the vehicle service provider thus, it is apparently vital. It is vital for you to give time in reading the agreement before you come up with the decision of dealing with them in order for you to be guided with your rights and restrictions. It needs to be done by both parties because the contract serves as an important tool in the transaction to be made.

In addition, it is vital to secure the GWC warranty that can be provided by the vehicle service provider to their clients before you decide of working with them. You can take benefit with their service when they provide GWC warranty for their clients. With this, there is no need for you to forget of checking the availability of the GWC warranty from the service provider before you fix your mind of dealing with them.

You have to make sure that the vehicle service provider adheres with professionalism in terms of providing the service so as for you to avoid the possibility of dealing with issues in the end. This concern will be addressed when you choose to ask for referrals from other individuals who have experienced dealing with the company before. There is an assurance that they can share relevant information regarding the vehicle service being offered to them when you choose to do so.

All the aforementioned factors are observed and adhered by a certain vehicle service provider thus, it would be ideal on your part to seek their help. They offer their service along with a contract thus, you are ensured about this matter when you choose to deal with them. There is a well-dissemination about the content of the contract to their clients before they render the vehicle service to them. Aside from that, it is apparent that as a client, you will be able to acquire a GWC warranty from the service provider. The GWC warranty is guaranteed to be provided to the clients as part of the vehicle service that they are providing to their them.…

The 10 Most Unanswered Questions about Vehicles

Posted on May 8, 2018 in Auto & Motor

What Car Owners Should Know About Car Warranties

Every vehicle comes with a GWC warranty when it is bought.Once the car is purchased, there will always be a warranty.If there is something wrong, and the warranty of the car expires, the car owner starts to get nervous.This is why many warranty providers come forward with different types of car warranties.In fact, some may even get in touch with car owners directly, through auto warranty leads.

There are three types of car warranties: manufacturer warranties, adjustment warranties, and secret warranties.

There are warranties the car owners may not know but each of these are available to different manufacturers.These warranties may fall under the category of secret warranties.Also known as goodwill service or policy adjustments, such car warranties come into the picture when there a major issue crops up taking place after the expiry of the factory warranty.A complaint made to the manufacturer can trigger off this GWC warranty delivered the car owner has been loyal to the brand.Apart from the above, there are other warranties such as extended warranties, certified pre-owned warranties, and service contracts.Service contracts cover a limited range of services that cover repairs and replacements of parts, regular maintenance, and this is typically taken after the factory GWC warranty of the vehicle has expired.While it may not cover all parts, this type of car guarantee can be useful for a car owner who maintains his car in a fairly good condition.Extended guarantee is typically purchased before the expiry of manufacturer’s guarantee.

A certified pre-owned guarantee car is generally considered as one that has been thoroughly inspected, lightly used and adequately covered by an extended warranty backed by the original manufacturer.Even though not as comprehensive as a bumper-to-bumper warranty, due to the fact that a certified pre-owned warranty comes with benefits such as free maintenance, satellite radio subscription, roadside assistance, and trip interruption coverage.Whatever may be option or choice of car warranty, the owner of the car may have to shell out money for certain hidden charges as well as deductibles that may increase the expenditures.Hence it becomes crucial to go through the terms and conditions of the warranty contract carefully before purchasing the same.

It is important to understand the benefits and limitations of each of these warranties before making the final decision.Although most information might be available from the website of the car GWC warranty company, it is better to ask the dealer to provide all the necessary documentation that may come of use during claims.The choice always depends on the kind of efforts a vehicle owner puts in to understand the various things about auto security, explore options and to compare quotes.…

The 10 Best Resources For Vehicles

Posted on May 8, 2018 in Auto & Motor

Things To Consider When You’re Looking For The Right Car Warranty Provider

More often than not, your brand new car is safeguarded by the manufacturer’s warranty and this would undeniably render you with an experience that would not put you with any worries. However, the warranty you have also has its limitations and if you happen to have already exceeded its mileage or its duration, your car would be laid out with no protection. Luckily, you could always erect yet another barrier of protection for your automobile that would put you at ease, in the form of a new car warranty you could get from the industry. It is important that you get the best automobile warranty which you could get from reliable companies like GWC Warranty provider and many more.

The first responsibility you would have to confront is combing through the extensive list of car warranty providers found in your area, in order to find the ones that are worthy of your trust. If you know a car owner personally and may even be acquainted to them, it would surely be better to ask for their suggestions. What makes it extremely beneficial to go for recommendations is due to the fact that you’ll be able to gain valuable information about the experience of the past clients, in the form of your acquaintances who you trust.

It would surely be more optimal for you if you take the path of learning more about the provider. Ensure that you take the time to look at reviews and even contact some of their references because in this way, you can get a look at how they are received by the people of the industry. You’re entrusting the protection of your car to them, so make sure that they have the money to back up their operation by directly inquiring it from them.

You should already be aware as well, that buying warranties would require you to pick a specific coverage. Of course, it goes without saying that more expensive options would bring you more coverage to boot. Instead of immediately going for the one that’s most expensive, think about your budget first and exactly what you need or better yet, deliberate with someone who’s well-knowledgeable regarding this in order to know what coverage is the best for you.

It is important to bear in mind that purchasing a car warranty is a big decision to make and this only makes it apparent that you should be thoroughly comfortable and knowledgeable about the plan you’re going with. You should be clear about the boundaries of the coverage you’ll purchase and also, take time in reading the terms and policies governing it. The last thing you want to happen is go with a coverage which may not end up helping you in your time of need due to something you may have overlooked, so make sure that you spend quite some time, reading even the fine prints of the paper you’re going to sign.…